Health Glossary of Terms

Health Glossary of Terms

healthy juicing


An antihistamine is a substance that eases allergic reactions such as swelling, itching, and redness of the skin. Anti-inflammatory: A substance that eases inflamed tissue or joints.


An antioxidant is a substance that eliminates free radicals, which are thought to be cancer causing. Vitamins can have antioxidant properties (A, C, and E are the best known), as can minerals, flavonoids, and enzymes.


Anthocyanidin is a flavonoid that forms the blue (or reddish blue) pigment in berries, particularly in bilberries.

Ayurvedic medicine:

Ayurvedic medicine is the traditional holistic healing system of India.


Beta-carotene is the best known of all carotenoids, which is converted to vitamin A in the body. It is particularly rich in carrots.

Bioflavonoids or flavonoids:

Bioflavonoids or flavonoids are the colorful pigments in some fruits and vegetables, which is also present in citrus pith and membrane. They have antioxidant properties, as well as other health applications.


Carotenoids are plant pigments that give fruits and vegetables a red, orange, or yellow color.


A diuretic is a substance that increases the excretion of urine.


Enzymes are proteins that act as a catalyst for metabolic functions in the body such as breaking down foods so the body can absorb the nutrients.


An expectorant is a substance that causes mucus in the respiratory system to loosen and be expelled.

Free radicals:

Free radicals are incomplete oxygen molecules that attack and oxidize other molecules. Antioxidants work to allay this reaction. The body can tolerate a certain amount of free-radical activity but when it exceeds the capacity of antioxidants present, cell damage can occur.


Fructose is the natural sugar present in fruit, which gives it a sweet flavor.

Glycemic index:

The glycemic index is a measure of the rate at which carbohydrate foods cause blood sugar levels to rise.


A laxative is a substance that stimulates excretion from the bowel.


Osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become very brittle and vulnerable to breaks and fractures. It occurs most commonly, though not exclusively in late- middle—aged and elderly women.


Phytoestrogens are estrogens found in plants, which are similar to the female hormone oestrogen.

21. August 2010 by Sue
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